master status

Each individual occupies a number of status positions, some ascribed (such as sex or race), and some achieved (such as educational level or occupation). The master status of an individual is one which, in most or all social situations, will overpower or dominate all other statuses. The term was coined by American sociologist Everett Hughes in the 1940s, with special reference to race. Occupation, race, and sex may all function as master statuses in Western societies, and can produce powerful contradictions and social dilemmas when important status positions contradict perceived roles and stereotypes -for example the female astronaut, or the African-American surgeon. In these situations, social actors must make status decisions, which may take the form of denial (the astronaut labelled ‘unnatural’ or the physician as ‘exceptional’); or responses may take the form of exclusion, or the acceptance of a new master status. Master status influences every other aspect of life, including personal identity . Since status is a social label and not a personal choice, the individual has little control over his or her master status in any given social interaction.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Master status — is a sociological term used to denote the social position, which is the primary identifying characteristic of an individual. The master status, whether ascribed or achieved, overshadows or dominates all other social positions of the status set in …   Wikipedia

  • master status — noun A social status that is the primary socially identifying characteristic of an individual, such as being the queen …   Wiktionary

  • Master station — In telecommunication, the term master station has the following meanings: 1. In a data network, the station that is designated by the control station to ensure data transfer to one or more slave stations. Note: A master station controls one or… …   Wikipedia

  • status, master — See master status …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Master (form of address) — Master (sometimes abbreviated Mstr) is an archaic masculine title or form of address in English. Contents 1 In English and Welsh society 2 In Scottish society 3 In Canada 4 In France …   Wikipedia

  • Master of the Mix — Format Reality Written by Michael McQuarn Kembo Tom Directed by Michael McQuarn …   Wikipedia

  • Master Tara Singh — Malhotra (24 June, 1885, Rawalpindi, Punjab 22 November, 1967, Chandigarh) was a prominent Sikh political and religious leader in the first half of the 20th century. He was instrumental in organizing the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabhandak Committee,… …   Wikipedia

  • Master Series (music) — Master Series is the title of a line of greatest hits albums, released in European countries primarily by PolyGram International, as well as A M Records, Deram Records, FFRR Records, Mercury Records, and Polydor Records. Four Master Series series …   Wikipedia

  • Master's mate — is an obsolete rating which was used by the Royal Navy, United States Navy and merchant services in both countries for a senior petty officer who assisted the master. Master s mates evolved into the modern rank of Sub Lieutenant in the Royal Navy …   Wikipedia

  • Master P — Background information Birth name Percy Robert Miller Also known as P. Miller …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.